Current UK fire alarm regulations state that all business premises must have ‘an appropriate fire detection system’. This basically means that a fire could easily be detected and people within the building could easily be warned.
There are 3 main types of fire alarm system:
- Conventional Fire Alarm
- Addressable Fire Alarm
- Wireless Fire Alarm
Whilst the category of fire alarm you need will be specified in your fire risk assessment, the type of fire alarm system which should be chosen is decided from what is ‘appropriate’ for your business. Your fire risk assessment will determine and state which category standard your fire alarm systems need to meet for your site.
Real Fire Evacuations
Peace of Mind
Fire Alarm Types
Category M systems are Manual
Alarms under this category are manual fire alarm systems where the alarm needs to be activated, for example by a person activating a break glass unit. These basic systems rely on a person to discover the fire and act on.
Category L systems are for life protection
L1 – Earliest possible fire detection
L2 – Fire detection in specified areas
L3 – Protecting paths to fire escape
L4 – Protection of fire escape routes
L5 – Localised fire protection
Category P Fire Detection Systems
Whereas Category L systems are designed to protect life, Category P systems have the primary aim of protecting a property from fire.
P1 – Complete fire protection for earliest possible warning
P2 – Fire detectors for defined parts of a building
- Primary Fires Attended by Fire and Rescue Services in the UK 2018 44% 44%
- Businesses haven’t factored headcount growth into evacuation plans 73% 73%
- Fire as Cause of Liability Claims (of total Claims made across UK businesses) 10% 10%
- Number of fire safety audits rated satisfactory (2018) 68% 68%